California Attorney General Rob Bonta, a Democrat, has already filed a notice to appeal the ruling.
This is the second time Benitez has struck down California’s law banning certain types of magazines.
The first time he struck it down —in 2017 — an appeals court reversed his decision.
But last year, the U.S. Supreme Court required gun regulations to be justified by the US Constitution or the historical tradition of gun regulation in America.
The Supreme Court ordered the case to be heard again in light of the renewed Constitutional standards. It’s one of three high-profile challenges to California gun laws that are getting new hearings in court. The other two cases challenge California laws banning assault-style weapons and limiting purchases of ammunition.
Benitez ruled that “there is no American tradition of limiting ammunition capacity.” He said detachable magazines “solved a problem with historic firearms: running out of ammunition and having to slowly reload a gun.”
“There have been, and there will be, times where many more than 10 rounds are needed to stop attackers,” Benitez wrote. “Yet, under this statute, the State says ‘too bad.’”
Bonta said larger capacity magazines are also important to mass shooters, allowing them to fire quickly into crowds of people without reloading. He said the U.S. Supreme Court made it clear the new standard for reviewing gun laws “did not create a regulatory straitjacket for states.”
“We believe that the district court got this wrong,” Bonta said. “We will move quickly to correct this incredibly dangerous mistake.”
Chuck Michel, president of the California Rifle and Pistol Association, praised Benitez for a “thoughtful and in-depth approach.”
“Sure, the state will appeal, but the clock is ticking on laws that violate the Constitution,” Michel said.
California has been at the forefront of gun restrictions in the United States. Last week, California became the first state to call for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would ban assault weapons and gun sales to people under 21, among other changes.
Gov. Gavin Newsom called Benitez’s ruling “a radical decision.”
Newsom continued whining about the decision.
“Unless we enshrine a Right to Safety in the Constitution, we are at the mercy of ideologues like Judge Benitez.”
Adapted from reporting by the Associated Press