Wednesday, October 4, 2023

GOP Seeks to Undo Holder-Led Efforts to Skew State Courts

'If you want your House districts to be determined in fair districts, you need to pay attention to your elected Supreme Courts...'

(Headline USA) In most midterm election years, races for state supreme court seats are overshadowed by campaigns for governor or the Senate.

But after several cycles in which leftists have used under-the-radar elections to skew outcomes in their favor through back-door stragegies, some Republicans say the party’s priorities need to change.

Since before the Trump administration, groups such as the Eric Holder-led National Democratic Redistricting Committee, lawyer Marc Elias’s Democracy Docket and the George Soros-backed Secretary of State Project have been organizing to give themselves a political advantage that they would not have otherwise.

That has allowed the Left to skew more radical in ways that would be politically unpopular if left to the electorate. The 2020 election, in which many bureaucrats effectively swung the outcome in key battleground states by unilaterally—and in some cases, unconstitutionally—changing the rules.

Holder in particular has actively targeted the election of sympathetic judges who can nudge verdicts in his direction, funneling hundreds of thousands of dollars into down-ticket races like that of Judge Anita Earls, a former civil rights activists who now plays a key deciding role on North Carolina’s state supreme court.

The GOP’s focus on the makeup of state supreme courts escalated this week after a series of legal setbacks frustrated the party’s effort to redraw congressional maps in Pennsylvania and North Carolina, both of which pit Republican-led legislatures against left-leaning judiciaries.

That prompted some leading Republicans to press the party to pay more attention to elections in November in which some supreme court justices will face voters.

“The top of the ticket where you have a governor’s race, Senate race, are important,” Chris Christie, the former New Jersey governor who leads the National Republican Redistricting Trust, told reporters this week. “But if you want your House districts to be determined in fair districts, you need to pay attention to your elected Supreme Courts.”

The comment, and the rulings that sparked it, shows how state courts are playing an increasingly high-profile role in the politically charged, once-a-decade redrawing of legislative lines.

Even in the best of circumstances, that process triggers an avalanche of litigation. But this cycle has fueled even intensity in the state courts because the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 2019 that federal courts can’t rule on partisan gerrymandering cases.

The GOP’s frustration with state courts escalated this week after the Democratic-majority Pennsylvania Supreme Court on Wednesday rejected the recommendations of a lower court to adopt a GOP-drawn map that reduced the number of Democratic-leaning House seats. Instead, the high court picked a map drawn by Democratic plaintiffs that combined two Republican-held seats where population growth was particularly stagnant.

The same day, a panel of North Carolina judges ruled that a map drawn by that state’s GOP-controlled legislature didn’t comply with a 4-3 decision from the Democratic-controlled supreme court that found a similar map to illegally favor Republicans.

The new map, drawn by court-appointed mapmakers and left intact later Wednesday by the state’s high court, may cost Republicans three House seats compared with the initial map they submitted, which made 10 of the state’s 14 seats safe for the GOP.

While leftist judges tend to vote consistently in lign with their political agenda, squishy GOP-run courts have also been unreliable.

The Republican chief justice of the Ohio Supreme Court, for instance, joined three Democrats to repeatedly throw out maps drawn by the GOP-controlled state legislature as illegal partisan gerrymanders.

The Ohio court, which has a GOP majority, ordered members of the state’s map-drawing commission—including Republican Gov. Mike DeWine—to attend a hearing next week on why they should not be held in contempt for drawing maps that don’t comply with its orders.

Earlier this month, the Florida Supreme Court, which has largely been appointed by Republican governors, unanimously rejected a request from Republican Gov. Ron DeSantis to back a map that would have dissolved a racially segregated district for black voters.

The rulings are one reason this redistricting cycle has gone better for Democrats than many expected, despite many blue states having lost population. With most large states besides GOP-controlled Florida done with their maps, the party has kept about even with Republicans even though the GOP controls the line-drawing process in more states.

“We are winning not because of the political natures of the supreme courts,” claimed NDRC Kelly Ward Burton. “We are winning because Republicans have violated the law.”

To Republicans, though, Democratic groups like the NDRC that focus on electing Democratic judges in the 22 states with high court elections are part of the problem.

They point to the organization’s spending in North Carolina’s 2018 supreme court race, where Earls, now the decisive vote on the bench, received $5,200 from NDRC and the group donated another $250,000 to the state Democratic Party, which then gave $199,000 to Earls’ campaign.

The GOP said it may sue to overturn the new North Carolina maps in federal court, arguing the state courts are infringing on federal control of elections or are giving black voters inappropriate weight in their line-drawing decisions.

But it also intends to compete in the supreme court election this fall, when two of the Democratic justices who comprise a 4-3 majority are up for reelection.

In Ohio, the chief justice who defied her party, Maureen O’Connor, is retiring and her seat is up for grabs in November. If the GOP wins either of the state races, the Legislature can redraw that state’s maps for 2024 and count on a friendlier high court, Republicans say.

“These elections for supreme court in North Carolina and Ohio are extremely important this fall,” Christie said.

In Pennsylvania, Democrats have a three-justice majority and no justices are up for election this year.

But the Republican state legislature has been trying to constrain the court’s power since it ruled in 2018 that the Legislature illegally gerrymandered last decade’s map, forcing a more favorable Democrat map that helped flip the US House of Representatives.

Pennsylvania lawmakers have proposed impeachment or otherwise limiting the court’s power, and one state senator this week introduced a bill forbidding it from drawing new maps that last more than two years.

Adapted from reporting by the Associated Press

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